Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Ronno Das
University of Chicago
Points and lines on cubic surfaces
Abstract: The Cayley-Salmon theorem states that every smooth cubic surface S in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^3$ has exactly 27 lines. Their proof is that marking a line on each cubic surface produces a 27-sheeted cover of the moduli space M of smooth cubic surfaces. Similarly, marking a point produces a 'universal family' of cubic surfaces over M. One difficulty in understanding these spaces is that they are complements in affine space of incredibly singular hypersurfaces. In this talk I will explain how to compute the rational cohomology of these spaces. I'll then explain how these purely topological theorems have (via the machinery of the Weil Conjectures) purely arithmetic consequences: the typical smooth cubic cubic surface over a finite field $F_q$ contains 1 line and $q^2 + q + 1$ points.
Wednesday February 6, 2019 at 4:00 PM in 427 SEO
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