## Statistics Seminar

Renming Song

UIUC

Factorizations and estimates of Dirichlet heat kernels for non-local operators with critical killings

**Abstract:**In this talk I will discuss heat kernel estimates for critical perturbations of non-local operators. To be more precise, let $X$ be the reflected $\alpha$-stable process in the closure of a smooth open set $D$, and $X^D$ the process killed upon exiting $D$. We consider potentials of the form $\kappa(x)=C\delta_D(x)^{-\alpha}$ with positive $C$ and the corresponding Feynman-Kac semigroups. Such potentials do not belong to the Kato class. We obtain sharp two-sided estimates for the heat kernel of the perturbed semigroups. The interior estimates of the heat kernels have the usual $\alpha$-stable form, while the boundary decay is of the form $\delta_D(x)^p$ with non-negative $p\in [\alpha-1, \alpha)$ depending on the precise value of the constant $C$. Our result recovers the heat kernel estimates of both the censored and the killed stable process in $D$. Analogous estimates are obtained for the heat kernel of the Feynman-Kac semigroup of the $\alpha$-stable process in ${\mathbf R}^d\setminus \{0\}$ through the potential $C|x|^{-\alpha}$. All estimates are derived from a more general result described as follows: Let $X$ be a Hunt process on a locally compact separable metric space in a strong duality with $\widehat{X}$. Assume that transition densities of $X$ and $\widehat{X}$ are comparable to the function $\widetilde{q}(t,x,y)$ defined in terms of the volume of balls and a certain scaling function. For an open set $D$ consider the killed process $X^D$, and a critical smooth measure on $D$ with the corresponding positive additive functional $(A_t)$. We show that the heat kernel of the the Feynman-Kac semigroup of $X^D$ through the multiplicative functional $\exp(-A_t)$ admits the factorization of the form ${\mathbf P}_x(\zeta >t)\widehat{\mathbf P}_y(\widehat{\zeta}>t)\widetilde{q}(t,x,y)$. This is joint work with Soobin Cho, Panki Kim and Zoran Vondracek.

Wednesday November 14, 2018 at 4:00 PM in 636 SEO